Concerto da camera IV
Johann Michael Müller (1683–1736)
Modern edition by David Whitwell (1937–)
Instrumentation: Hautboisten (Oboe concertino, Ob 1.2, Cor Ang, Bsn)
Earlier music history texts assumed that the Hautboisten name referred to a small military band, usually of two oboes, a bassoon, and side drum, which would alternate compositions with a single trumpet player. From examination of the actual repertoire in libraries throughout Europe, today we know that there was an important indoor ensemble based on the Le Grands Hautbois of Louis XIV. This ensemble had doubled parts resulting in an ensemble of usually twelve players. The twelve-player Hautboisten ensemble continued into the nineteenth century and, among other things, explains why Mozart wrote a wind ensemble for twelve winds and string bass.
We changed the name of these suites from “Sonata” to “Concerto da camera,” as it is more in keeping with the late German Baroque. In addition one will note that the principal oboe part was called “Oboe Conc.,” or Oboe Concertino, a distinct part of the concerto form at this time. The term “Sonata” was added by the publisher in Amsterdam and reflects an earlier Renaissance tradition.
Johann Michael Müller (1683–1736/43) was organist and Director of Music at the Hanauer Marien Church in Germany. During his lifetime he was widely known for having set 150 psalms of David to melodies of his own composition. It is an honor and a tribute to him that the first publication of these works in 1719 included a dedicatory poem composed by Telemann.
In 1712 he published in Amsterdam twelve Concerto da camera for Hautboisten of high quality, reflecting the considerable interest in this medium in Germany beginning at the end of the seventeenth century.