Nicolas-Charles Bochsa


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Composed for a celebration that was held on 15 January 1815 for the reburial of the remains of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette.

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Product Description

Requiem for Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette
Nicholas Charles Bochsa (1789–1856)
Mod­ern edi­tion by David Whitwell (1937–)

Date: 1815
Instru­men­ta­tion: Wind Ensem­ble, ATB soloists, ATB choir (Fl 1.2, Ob 1.2, CA, Cl 1.2, Bsn 1.2, Hn, Tpt, Tbn, Tuba, Cbs, Harp, Timp, BD, Cym, Tam-Tam)
Dura­tion: 55:00
Lev­el: 5


After Napoleon was first defeat­ed by a coali­tion of Euro­pean pow­ers in 1814, the coali­tion restored the throne of France to Louis XVIII on 6 April 1814. Louis XVIII returned to Paris on 24 April 1814 and the sub­se­quent cel­e­bra­tion of the Bour­bon Restora­tion was the occa­sion for a Motet, by Bochsa, “Com­posed for the cel­e­bra­tion of the Apoth­e­ose of Louis XVI and the Hap­py Return of the Bour­bons”.

After “The Hun­dred Days,” dur­ing which Napoleon attempt­ed to regain con­trol, anoth­er, much larg­er cel­e­bra­tion was held on 15 Jan­u­ary 1815 cen­tered on the rebur­ial of the remains of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. It was for this cel­e­bra­tion that Bochsa and Cheru­bi­ni com­posed Requiems in hon­or of Louis XVI.

The Bour­bon Restora­tion end­ed with the July Rev­o­lu­tion of 1830, a com­mem­o­ra­tion of which result­ed in the government’s com­mis­sion of Berlioz’ Sym­pho­ny for Band. Thus we have as book-ends for the Bour­bon Restora­tion two large-scale, impor­tant orig­i­nal com­po­si­tions for large band.